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How Does Cryptocurrency Works and What is it

Cryptocurrency is an encoded and decentralized digital tokens that are transferred between peers but confirmed in a public ledger through a process known as Coin mining. In this article, we are going to take a simplified look at what cryptocurrency is and how it works. The first thing is to learn a few basics before getting into how cryptocurrency works.

Public Ledger

This is a ledger where all confirmed transactions from the start of cryptocurrency’s creation are stored. The identity of the owner and the legitimacy of the transactions are confirmed. The main role of the public ledger is to ensure that the corresponding digital wallets can calculate accurate spendable balances.

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Cryptocurrency Transaction

Cryptocurrency transactions refer to a transfer of coins or tokens between two digital wallets. Before the transaction is confirmed and transacted, that transaction gets submitted on the public ledger. When a transaction is made, the wallets use a cryptographic signature. This signature provides proof that a transaction has been submitted.


This is another very important step in cryptocurrency transactions. The main role of mining coins is to confirm transactions. To add the transaction to the ledger, the miner must, first of all, solve a ‘’mathematical puzzle’’ like a complex computation problem. The first person to finalize the computation adds a block of transactions to the ledger which later works to confirm the transaction and also calculates the spendable balance. The ledger, blocks, and transactions work to ensure no one person can change or add another block to their will.

How does it work?

A cryptocurrency transaction begins when a user gets to an online exchange and converts fiat currency to bitcoins and other cryptocurrencies in the market. The converted coins are stored in a digital wallet awaiting the transactions. A request is then made to the cryptocurrency network to make a purchase in case you wanted to use your coins on online merchants.

All cryptocurrencies work the same regarding the determination of the coin value. Once the transaction is carried on, a decentralized peer-to-peer network of miners maintains a blockchain to ensure that the transaction is genuine. The whole process here will just take a few minutes to complete. After the verification process is complete, the other thing is to broadcast that data to all users to update the ledger.

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Miners are the people who run programs on specialized hardware which are made with specific definitions to solve mathematical puzzles provided. The whole process of cryptocurrency mining is what gives it value. Coin mining increases or decreases the demand and supply of coins and hence their value fluctuates. The whole idea of determining and giving value to a currency is known as a ‘’proof-of-work’’ system.

The value of the coin being transacted can also be determined when transactions are added to the public ledger. This is what we call the process of creating a verified ‘’transaction block’’. Factors such as utility, supply, and demand can also determine the value of coins during a transaction. The whole process of cryptocurrency mining is based on a safe transaction to prevent people from cheating and carrying on other types of fraud.

There is one important point that everyone must keep in mind and that is cryptocurrency predictions. There is a right and a wrong time to buy and sell them, and this must be kept in mind for a successful business.